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Mailhat MNHN LIM148 correct metatarsal II and fragment away from metatarsal III (middle distal part) (this work, Fig

Health-related Paleontology

away from Pech Desse: step one best mandible towards the tooth line p3-m2 (USTL PDS1360), (a) labial, (b) lingual, and you will (c) occlusal feedback. out-of Mailhat: dos remaining maxillary which have origins away from D2 and you may D3, broken D4, and M1-M2 (MNHN LIM150); step three correct metatarsal II and you will limited limbs III (MNHN LIM148). przeglÄ…d caffmos The dimensions pub is 2 cm.

Holotype known specimens advice

Holotype. Adopting the Brunet Sudre , i imagine while the holotype with the kinds Lophiomeryx chalaniati the latest sample BM34960, a remaining mandible that have d3-m3 (, Fig. 17; , Fig. 16), of La Sauvetat (MP25, France).

Referred specimens. 3.3); MNHN LIM150 teenager remaining maxillary having D4–2 (M3 is not exploded), as well as the tooth sockets regarding D3 and you can D2 (old amount inside Br.12 Cerv. Malh.; that it works, Fig. 3.2). Pech Desse USTL PDS1360 best corpus mandibulae which have m2–step 3 (, p.81, Fig. 15; this performs, Fig. 3.1).


Higher deciduous dentition. All the crowns was damaged. Although not, we could keep in mind that D2 is biradiculate and you will D3 and has now around three origins. The D3 is extremely anteroposteriorly elongated (

12x7mm) having an excellent metaconule relatively outstanding which have a bent foot. The D4 is actually well-molarized getting square inside occlusal check. New labial cusps was lost. New protocone was expanded acquiring the postprotocrista posteriorly oriented and you will reaching the premetaconulecrista at the their middle. The fresh new metaconule are slim and you will v-shaped inside occlusal glance at that have a level premetaconulecrista. The new lingual cingulum try good and you may encompasses the complete protocone.

Higher long lasting dentition. The top of molars have seemingly rectangular outline M2 getting bigger than M1. The cusps are extremely selenomorph. The fresh new fossae has flat lingual counters. Brand new protocone is actually generally distally unlock and you will bigger than the brand new metaconule. The newest preprotocrista try upright and labially built achieving the popular however, broken parastyle. The postprotocrista is oblique and suits this new premetaconulecrista at the the middle region, at the a slightly lower top. The premetaconulecrista was elongated, slim, upright, and you will oblique. It closes at level of the latest mesostyle, found side-by-side into labial wall. The fresh postmetaconulecrista is some concave and satisfies the newest postmetacrista. The latest metaconule try V-molded in the occlusal take a look at. The latest paracone in addition to metacone try aimed labially. The brand new weak paracone labial rib try more powerful than that the latest labially concave metacone, whereas both have seemingly short and you can straight cristae. The fresh mesostyle and parastyle, regardless of if broken, is strong, salient and you can from-centred on axis of your labial a portion of the paracone plus the metacone. An excellent metastyle was missing. The anterior cingulum is quite solid encompassing the brand new protocone. There can be a weakened rear cingulum, and therefore closes at the end of the fresh new metaconule.

Metatarsals. Brand new metatarsal II and you will III is partially broken. Because of planning, neither the fresh new prior view is going to be learnt on the MtII neither this new plantar look at the newest MtIII. Both are upright and sustain an identical proportions all across the diaphysis. Each other skeleton is completely broke up with a similar density regarding the brand new diaphysis. The better maintained (MtII) comes with the plantar region busted. The latest proximal articulation try triangular in shape, which have a tiny anxiety into the the plantar glance at. A good distal rugosity is well marked. The fresh proximal half of the MtIII are destroyed and distal keel are worn.


MNHN LIM150 and has a link away from ancient features seemingly novel one of this new European ruminants, that without difficulty prohibit they out-of numerous attributions. Several ruminants of numerous family members most of the across the Oligocene provides an excellent lingual cingulum to the higher molars: Lophiomeryx, Iberomeryx, Gelocus, Mosaicomeryx, Babameryx , , –, , –. New selenodont pearly whites (in the an expanded dimensions) will never be present in Iberomeryx and you can Gelocus , , . Mosaicomeryx and you may Babameryx try base Pecora, hence enjoys a long and labially centered postprotocrista , . More over, the fresh appearance inside the MNHN LIM150 have become enlarged, that is not the actual situation off Mosaicomeryx and you can Babameryx. The teeth breakdown away from MNHN LIM150 corresponds to that from Lophiomeryx , , . Also, in most ruminants about European Oligocene, the brand new metatarsals II and you can III try bonded but for the Lophiomeryx , , , . The distinction out of Western european Lophiomeryx species is mostly based on dimensions variations , although Antoine ainsi que al. signifies that Lophiomeryx mouchelini get features specimens as huge as Lophiomeryx chalaniati agencies within the later Suevian. MNHN LIM150 pearly whites try obviously throughout the people variability off Lophiomeryx chalaniati noticed from the Filhol , Brunet Sudre , and you may Mennecart , and bigger than Lophiomeryx mouchelini populations , . L. chalaniati ‘s the just identified Eu Lophiomeryx in whole Arvenian (primarily Later Oligocene).